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authorIlya Dryomov <idryomov@gmail.com>2020-05-19 13:26:57 +0200
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2020-05-19 11:35:38 -0700
commit7bd57fbc4a4ddedc664cad0bbced1b469e24e921 (patch)
treeeaf3c9eb05d5fab5e0586aed0f13e4c5592cdce8
parent642b151f45dd54809ea00ecd3976a56c1ec9b53d (diff)
vsprintf: don't obfuscate NULL and error pointers
I don't see what security concern is addressed by obfuscating NULL and IS_ERR() error pointers, printed with %p/%pK. Given the number of sites where %p is used (over 10000) and the fact that NULL pointers aren't uncommon, it probably wouldn't take long for an attacker to find the hash that corresponds to 0. Although harder, the same goes for most common error values, such as -1, -2, -11, -14, etc. The NULL part actually fixes a regression: NULL pointers weren't obfuscated until commit 3e5903eb9cff ("vsprintf: Prevent crash when dereferencing invalid pointers") which went into 5.2. I'm tacking the IS_ERR() part on here because error pointers won't leak kernel addresses and printing them as pointers shouldn't be any different from e.g. %d with PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(). Obfuscating them just makes debugging based on existing pr_debug and friends excruciating. Note that the "always print 0's for %pK when kptr_restrict == 2" behaviour which goes way back is left as is. Example output with the patch applied: ptr error-ptr NULL %p: 0000000001f8cc5b fffffffffffffff2 0000000000000000 %pK, kptr = 0: 0000000001f8cc5b fffffffffffffff2 0000000000000000 %px: ffff888048c04020 fffffffffffffff2 0000000000000000 %pK, kptr = 1: ffff888048c04020 fffffffffffffff2 0000000000000000 %pK, kptr = 2: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 Fixes: 3e5903eb9cff ("vsprintf: Prevent crash when dereferencing invalid pointers") Signed-off-by: Ilya Dryomov <idryomov@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--lib/test_printf.c19
-rw-r--r--lib/vsprintf.c7
2 files changed, 25 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/lib/test_printf.c b/lib/test_printf.c
index 2d9f520d2f27..6b1622f4d7c2 100644
--- a/lib/test_printf.c
+++ b/lib/test_printf.c
@@ -214,6 +214,7 @@ test_string(void)
#define PTR_STR "ffff0123456789ab"
#define PTR_VAL_NO_CRNG "(____ptrval____)"
#define ZEROS "00000000" /* hex 32 zero bits */
+#define ONES "ffffffff" /* hex 32 one bits */
static int __init
plain_format(void)
@@ -245,6 +246,7 @@ plain_format(void)
#define PTR_STR "456789ab"
#define PTR_VAL_NO_CRNG "(ptrval)"
#define ZEROS ""
+#define ONES ""
static int __init
plain_format(void)
@@ -330,14 +332,28 @@ test_hashed(const char *fmt, const void *p)
test(buf, fmt, p);
}
+/*
+ * NULL pointers aren't hashed.
+ */
static void __init
null_pointer(void)
{
- test_hashed("%p", NULL);
+ test(ZEROS "00000000", "%p", NULL);
test(ZEROS "00000000", "%px", NULL);
test("(null)", "%pE", NULL);
}
+/*
+ * Error pointers aren't hashed.
+ */
+static void __init
+error_pointer(void)
+{
+ test(ONES "fffffff5", "%p", ERR_PTR(-11));
+ test(ONES "fffffff5", "%px", ERR_PTR(-11));
+ test("(efault)", "%pE", ERR_PTR(-11));
+}
+
#define PTR_INVALID ((void *)0x000000ab)
static void __init
@@ -649,6 +665,7 @@ test_pointer(void)
{
plain();
null_pointer();
+ error_pointer();
invalid_pointer();
symbol_ptr();
kernel_ptr();
diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
index 532b6606a18a..7c47ad52ce2f 100644
--- a/lib/vsprintf.c
+++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
@@ -794,6 +794,13 @@ static char *ptr_to_id(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr,
unsigned long hashval;
int ret;
+ /*
+ * Print the real pointer value for NULL and error pointers,
+ * as they are not actual addresses.
+ */
+ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(ptr))
+ return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec);
+
/* When debugging early boot use non-cryptographically secure hash. */
if (unlikely(debug_boot_weak_hash)) {
hashval = hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, 32);